How are mini implants different from ordinary sized implants?
Implant dentistry has changed significantly in the past several decades. Since the early investigations of Branemark that led to the dental application of osseointegration, the field of dental implantology has evolved rapidly. Although technology has improved greatly Over the past several years, and some conventional implant systems allow for early loading, most conventional endosseous fixtures require up to 4 to 6 months or longer before prosthetic restoration can be completed. In addition. often times these larger-diameter implants require sinus lift procedures and bone augmentation.
Using mini dental implants that enable immediate denture stabilization, or single and multiple-tooth replacement in as little as one visit, is clearly desirable to patients. The relatively lower cost of mini dental implants allows for a larger patient-selection base. Christensen described these implants as simple, predictable, minimally invasive, and relatively inexpensive. Additionally, the osseointegration period required for mini dental implants can be significantly shorter than that for conventional implants because of a less aggressive insertion procedure (ie, minimized disruption of the periosteum).
Mini dental implants were initially designed for the temporary stabilization of a prosthesis during the healing period of conventional implants. Recently, they have become popular in use for orthodontic anchorage, periodontal therapy, fixed prosthetics and complete denture stabilization.
Because mini implant insertion requires minimal disruption of the periosteum, there is reduced damage to the insertion area. Mini dental implants and their function in immediate loading for denture stabilization and fixed
restorations have become increasingly popular when treating patients.
The procedure for placing mini implants is usually simple and relatively pain-free, and the recovery time is often just a day or two. Modifications to the denture are made on the same day the implants are placed, so you can usually begin wearing your new prosthesis right away.